The publication opens with a discussion of the place of music at the heart of the lives of Africans. It reviews historical and geographical prospects, outlining various musical areas whose specificities are highlighted. The second part draws up an inventory of the African music by economic criteria. Finally, the third part examines the principal challenges to be faced: the development of the musical industry, living arts, the safeguarding of ancestral heritage, traffic, piracy, the status of the artist.
A detailed discography (works classified by country) accompanies this work.